During the War of 1812, British forces sailed to Baltimore, Maryland, intent on attacking the city. But Baltimore was defended by Fort McHenry — a star-shaped fort perfectly situated on the Baltimore Harbor. On the morning of September 13, 1814, the British navy attacked the fort for 25 hours. Francis Scott Key witnessed the bombardment from a ship in Baltimore harbor and expressed his gratitude and relief at the victory in a poem that became "The Star-Spangled Banner."
A Century of Service
Following the Battle of Baltimore, Fort McHenry remained an active military site for more than 100 years. During the Civil War, the fort served as a prison for Confederate soldiers and sympathizers, and during World War I, it was used as an army hospital for soldiers and veterans.
More about Fort McHenry
Fact Sheet Protecting and Connecting Our Nation's Treasured Park Landscapes National parks are key to protecting and connecting our most revered places.
Fact Sheet Protecting Fort McHenry During the War of 1812, British forces sailed to Baltimore, Maryland, intent on attacking the city. But Baltimore was defended by Fort McHenry - a star-shaped fort perfectly situated on a point jutting into Baltimore Harbor.
Report Protecting Our Chesapeake, Protecting Our National Parks The Chesapeake Bay watershed is home to more than 50 national park units. Shenandoah National Park in Virginia’s Blue Ridge Mountains, Gettysburg National Military Park in Pennsylvania, and the C&O Canal National Historical Park along the Potomac River are just a few of the parks that share this common bond. Their streams and rivers, along with many others in the expansive watershed, ultimately flow into the Chesapeake Bay, which is recognized as one of America’s Great Waters.
Press Release Parks Group Report Urges Restoration of Chesapeake Watershed to Ensure Preservation of National Park Sites Tied to Pivotal Moments in Founding of United States 'Protecting Our Chesapeake, Protecting Our National Parks' narrative identifies challenges faced by Patapsco River in Maryland and James River in Virginia and how those issues negatively impact the historic character, environments of Fort McHenry, Colonial and Fort Monroe park sites.
if we're blind to our history, how can we ever expect to clearly see our future? — John