This colossal sculpture showcases the iconic faces of four former U.S. presidents intricately carved into a mountain in South Dakota's Black Hills. The 60-foot-tall profiles of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln were intended to represent the first 150 years of America's history and cultural heritage.

Historian Doane Robinson came up with the idea to promote tourism and artist Gutzon Borglum designed the sculpture itself, modifying the design repeatedly to accommodate the unforgiving rock. Though the artist passed away before the monument’s completion, more than 400 workers helped bring his vision to life.

An Ambitious Undertaking

It took 400 workers 14 years to sculpt the monument, blasting the rock with dynamite and dangling from steel cables with jackhammers over the 500-foot face of the mountain — yet there were no fatalities during the carving, only a couple of minor injuries.

Updates on Mount Rushmore


Preserve Our Parks

Make a tax-deductible gift today to provide a brighter future for our national parks and the millions of Americans who enjoy them.

Donate Now