Resource Nicholas Lund Mar 15, 2017

Bird Diversity in National Parks

The number of bird species in each national park site, organized from highest to lowest, as of March 2017.

Source: eBird. Click the table header for more sorting options.

ParkStateNumber of Bird Species
Point Reyes National SeashoreCalifornia405
Gateway National Recreation AreaNew York, New Jersey375
Big Bend National ParkTexas360
Death Valley National ParkCalifornia, Nevada357
Cape Cod National SeashoreMassachusetts339
Assateague Island National SeashoreMaryland, Virginia333
Gulf Islands National SeashoreFlorida, Mississippi325
Cape Hatteras National SeashoreNorth Carolina325
Golden Gate National Recreation AreaCalifornia310
Carlsbad Caverns National ParkNew Mexico310
Padre Island National SeashoreTexas292
Channel Islands National ParkCalifornia290
Indiana Dunes National LakeshoreIndiana285
C & O Canal National Historical ParkMaryland, Washington DC282
Everglades National ParkFlorida280
Lake Mead National Recreation AreaNevada, Arizona268
Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic ShrineMaryland265
Cabrillo National MonumentCalifornia262
Acadia National ParkMaine261
National MallWashington DC261
Cape Lookout National SeashoreNorth Carolina257
Cumberland Island National SeashoreGeorgia256
National Capital ParksWashington DC255
Fire Island National SeashoreNew York254
Lake Meredith National Recreation AreaTexas253
Guadalupe Mountains National ParkTexas247
Olympic National ParkWashington247
Mojave National PreserveCalifornia245
Canaveral National SeashoreFlorida245
Glacier National ParkMontana243
Zion National ParkUtah242
Dry Tortugas National ParkFlorida241
Grand Canyon National ParkArizona240
Cuyahoga Valley National ParkOhio238
Big Cypress National PreserveFlorida237
Mississippi National River and Recreation AreaMinnesota234
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and PreserveLouisiana231
Rocky Mountain National ParkColorado228
Sleeping Bear Dunes National LakeshoreMichigan228
Amistad National Recreation AreaTexas228
Grand Teton National ParkWyoming226
Glen Canyon National Recreation AreaArizona, Utah223
Badlands National ParkSouth Dakota223
Big Thicket National PreserveTexas220
Apostle Islands National LakeshoreWisconsin217
Piscataway ParkMaryland214
Fort Pulaski National MonumentGeorgia210
Theodore Roosevelt National ParkNorth Dakota208
Organ Pipe Cactus National MonumentArizona207
Montezuma Castle National MonumentArizona206
Pictured Rocks National LakeshoreMichigan206
Chiricahua National MonumentArizona205
Congaree National ParkSouth Carolina204
Yellowstone National ParkWyoming, Idaho, Montana204
Lassen Volcanic National ParkCalifornia203
Saguaro National ParkArizona202
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation AreaPennsylvania202
Glacier Bay National ParkAlaska201
Glacier Bay National PreserveAlaska201
Redwood National ParkCalifornia201
Lava Beds National MonumentCalifornia198
Theodore Roosevelt IslandWashington DC196
Buffalo National RiverArkansas195
Joshua Tree National ParkCalifornia195
George Washington Birthplace National MonumentVirginia195
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield ParkGeorgia194
Ocmulgee National MonumentGeorgia193
Colonial National Historical ParkVirginia192
Bryce Canyon National ParkUtah191
Rock Creek ParkWashington DC191
Yosemite National ParkCalifornia189
Dinosaur National MonumentColorado, Utah187
Harpers Ferry National Historical ParkWest Virginia185
Manassas National Battlefield ParkVirginia184
Ebey’s Landing National Historical ReserveWashington184
Bandelier National MonumentNew Mexico182
Saratoga National Historical ParkNew York182
Pinnacles National ParkCalifornia181
Blue Ridge ParkwayNorth Carolina, Virginia181
Fort Washington ParkMaryland179
Devils Tower National MonumentWyoming179
Great Sand Dunes National ParkColorado178
Great Sand Dunes National PreserveColorado178
Valley Forge National Historical ParkPennsylvania178
Chattahoochee River National Recreation AreaGeorgia177
Capitol Reef National ParkUtah177
Fort Matanzas National MonumentFlorida176
Constitution GardensWashington DC176
Shenandoah National ParkVirginia175
Mount Rainier National ParkWashington174
Petrified Forest National ParkArizona173
Mesa Verde National ParkColorado173
Biscayne National ParkFlorida173
Chickasaw National Recreation AreaOklahoma171
Kenai Fjords National ParkAlaska170
Tallgrass Prairie National PreserveKansas170
Mammoth Cave National ParkKentucky170
Isle Royale National ParkMichigan170
Great Smoky Mountains National ParkTennessee, North Carolina170
Arches National ParkUtah170
Fort Monroe National MonumentVirginia170
Governors Island National MonumentNew York169
Vicksburg National Military ParkMississippi, Louisiana168
Gettysburg National Military ParkPennsylvania167
Craters of the Moon National MonumentIdaho166
Craters of the Moon National PreserveIdaho166
Coronado National MemorialArizona164
Tumacacori National Historical ParkArizona164
Whiskeytown-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation AreaCalifornia163
Fort Davis National Historic SiteTexas163
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National ParkColorado162
Pipestone National MonumentMinnesota161
Ozark National Scenic RiverwaysMissouri161
Homestead National Monument of AmericaNebraska161
Great Basin National ParkNevada160
Gila Cliff Dwellings National MonumentNew Mexico157
Wind Cave National ParkSouth Dakota156
Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation AreaMassachusetts155
Kings Canyon National ParkCalifornia154
Nez Perce National Historical ParkIdaho154
Prince William Forest ParkVirginia154
Crater Lake National ParkOregon152
Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical ParkTexas152
Denali National ParkAlaska151
Denali National PreserveAlaska151
Sequoia National ParkCalifornia151
Lake Chelan National Recreation AreaWashington151
Saint Croix National Scenic RiverwayWisconsin, Minnesota150
Effigy Mounds National MonumentIowa149
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical ParkVermont149
Petersburg National Battlefield ParkVirginia148
New River Gorge National RiverWest Virginia148
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military ParkVirginia147
Arkansas Post National MemorialArkansas146
Monocacy National BattlefieldMaryland146
Canyonlands National ParkUtah146
Antietam National BattlefieldMaryland145
City of Rocks National ReserveIdaho142
Curecanti National Recreation AreaColorado140
Canyon De Chelly National MonumentArizona138
Muir Woods National MonumentCalifornia137
First State National Historical ParkDelaware, Pennsylvania137
Castillo de San Marcos National MonumentFlorida136
Tuzigoot National MonumentArizona135
Big South Fork National River and Recreation AreaTennessee, Kentucky135
Shiloh National Military ParkTennessee, Mississippi135
Bent’s Old Fort National Historic SiteColorado132
Fort Bowie National Historic SiteArizona130
Pea Ridge National Military ParkArkansas130
El Malpais National MonumentNew Mexico130
Golden Spike National Historic SiteUtah129
Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing ArtsVirginia128
Fort Raleigh National Historic SiteNorth Carolina127
Voyageurs National ParkMinnesota126
Natchez Trace National Scenic TrailMississippi, Alabama, Tennessee126
Scotts Bluff National MonumentNebraska126
Lewis and Clark National Historical ParkOregon, Washington126
John Day Fossil Beds National MonumentOregon126
Cedar Breaks National MonumentUtah126
Sitka National Historical ParkAlaska125
Walnut Canyon National MonumentArizona124
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military ParkGeorgia, Tennessee124
Wilson’s Creek National BattlefieldMissouri124
Wright Brothers National MemorialNorth Carolina124
Devils Postpile National MonumentCalifornia123
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic SiteNorth Dakota123
Virgin Islands National ParkVirgin Islands123
Richmond National Battlefield ParkVirginia123
Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the PotomacWashington DC123
Petroglyph National MonumentNew Mexico122
Fort Caroline National MemorialFlorida120
Catoctin Mountain ParkMaryland120
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation AreaMontana120
Pecos National Historical ParkNew Mexico120
Greenbelt ParkMaryland119
Mount Rushmore National MemorialSouth Dakota117
Pipe Spring National MonumentArizona115
Colorado National MonumentColorado115
Cumberland Gap National Historical ParkKentucky, Tennessee, Virginia115
Chaco Culture National Historical ParkNew Mexico113
Sagamore Hill National Historic SiteNew York113
Hopewell Culture National Historical ParkOhio113
Ninety Six National Historic SiteSouth Carolina113
Fort Donelson National BattlefieldTennessee, Kentucky113
Agate Fossil Beds National MonumentNebraska111
Fort Point National Historic SiteCalifornia110
Capulin Volcano National MonumentNew Mexico110
White Sands National MonumentNew Mexico110
Cowpens National BattlefieldSouth Carolina110
San Francisco Maritime National Historical ParkCalifornia108
Tonto National MonumentArizona107
Big Hole National BattlefieldMontana106
Florissant Fossil Beds National MonumentColorado104
Timucuan Ecological and Historic PreserveFlorida104
Carl Sandburg Home National Historic SiteNorth Carolina104
Eisenhower National Historic SitePennsylvania104
Hopewell Furnace National Historic SitePennsylvania103
Fort Sumter National MonumentSouth Carolina102
Kings Mountain National Military ParkSouth Carolina102
Minute Man National Historical ParkMassachusetts101
Natural Bridges National MonumentUtah101
De Soto National MemorialFlorida100
Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic SiteNew York100
George Washington Carver National MonumentMissouri99
Herbert Hoover National Historic SiteIowa98
El Morro National MonumentNew Mexico98
Hot Springs National ParkArkansas97
Fort Larned National Historic SiteKansas97
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic SiteNew York97
Little Bighorn Battlefield National MonumentMontana94
Whitman Mission National Historic SiteWashington94
Valles Caldera National PreserveNew Mexico93
Wupatki National MonumentArizona92
Hampton National Historic SiteMaryland92
Appomattox Court House National Historical ParkVirginia92
Jefferson National Expansion MemorialMissouri91
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic SiteNew York91
Katmai National ParkAlaska90
Katmai National PreserveAlaska90
Friendship Hill National Historic SitePennsylvania90
Sunset Crater Volcano National MonumentArizona89
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical ParkKentucky89
Booker T. Washington National MonumentVirginia87
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical ParkHawaii86
Grand Portage National MonumentMinnesota86
North Cascades National ParkWashington84
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation AreaCalifornia83
Flight 93 National MemorialPennsylvania79
Fort Vancouver National Historic SiteWashington, Oregon79
Casa Grande Ruins National MonumentArizona78
Saint-Gaudens National Historic SiteNew Hampshire77
Guilford Courthouse National Military ParkNorth Carolina77
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic SiteNorth Dakota, Montana76
Jewel Cave National MonumentSouth Dakota75
Little River Canyon National PreserveAlabama74
Oregon Caves National Monument and PreserveOregon73
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic SiteColorado72
River Raisin National Battlefield ParkMichigan71
White HouseWashington DC71
Fort Smith National Historic SiteArkansas70
John Muir National Historic SiteCalifornia70
Fossil Butte National MonumentWyoming69
Weir Farm National Historic SiteConnecticut68
Horseshoe Bend National Military ParkAlabama67
Statue of Liberty National MonumentNew York, New Jersey67
Independence National Historical ParkPennsylvania67
Navajo National MonumentArizona66
Hawaii Volcanoes National ParkHawaii66
Gates of the Arctic National ParkAlaska65
Gates of the Arctic National PreserveAlaska65
Lake Clark National ParkAlaska65
Lake Clark National PreserveAlaska65
Aztec Ruins National MonumentNew Mexico65
Moores Creek National BattlefieldNorth Carolina65
Fort Laramie National Historic SiteWyoming64
Ross Lake National Recreation AreaWashington60
Niobrara National Scenic RiverNebraska59
Russell Cave National MonumentAlabama53
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation AreaWashington52
George Rogers Clark National Historical ParkIndiana51
Cape Krusenstern National MonumentAlaska48
Noatak National PreserveAlaska48
Haleakala National ParkHawaii48
Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological PreserveVirgin Islands48
Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic SiteMontana43
Wrangell-St. Elias National ParkAlaska42
Wrangell-St. Elias National PreserveAlaska42
Natchez National Historical ParkMississippi41
Katahdin Woods and Waters National MonumentMaine39
Pu'uhonua O Honaunau National Historical ParkHawaii37
Buck Island Reef National MonumentVirgin Islands37
Thomas Stone National Historic SiteMaryland36
National Park of American SamoaAmerican Samoa35
Eugene O'Neill National Historic SiteCalifornia33
Johnstown Flood National MemorialPennsylvania30
Hagerman Fossil Beds National MonumentIdaho27
Manzanar National Historic SiteCalifornia25
Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic SitePennsylvania23
Harry S Truman National Historic SiteMissouri19
Obed Wild and Scenic RiverTennessee16
Stones River National BattlefieldTennessee14
Paterson Great Falls National Historical ParkNew Jersey13
Birmingham Civil Rights National MonumentAlabamaunknown
Freedom Riders National MonumentAlabamaunknown
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic SiteAlabamaunknown
Tuskegee Institute National Historic SiteAlabamaunknown
Alagnak Wild RiverAlaskaunknown
Aniakchak National MonumentAlaskaunknown
Aniakchak National PreserveAlaskaunknown
Bering Land Bridge National PreserveAlaskaunknown
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical ParkAlaska, Washingtonunknown
Kobuk Valley National ParkAlaskaunknown
World War II Valor in the Pacific National MonumentAlaska, California, Hawaiiunknown
Hohokam Pima National MonumentArizonaunknown
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic SiteArizonaunknown
Little Rock Central High School National Historic SiteArkansasunknown
President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic SiteArkansasunknown
Castle Mountains National MonumentCaliforniaunknown
César E. Chávez National MonumentCaliforniaunknown
Port Chicago Naval Magazine National MemorialCaliforniaunknown
Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical ParkCaliforniaunknown
Hovenweep National MonumentColorado, Utahunknown
Yucca House National MonumentColoradounknown
Andersonville National Historic SiteGeorgiaunknown
Fort Frederica National MonumentGeorgiaunknown
Jimmy Carter National Historic SiteGeorgiaunknown
Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic SiteGeorgiaunknown
War in the Pacific National Historical ParkGuamunknown
Honouliuli National MonumentHawaiiunknown
Kalaupapa National Historical ParkHawaiiunknown
Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic SiteHawaiiunknown
Minidoka National Historic SiteIdahounknown
Lincoln Boyhood National MemorialIndianaunknown
Brown vs. Board of Education National Historic SiteKansasunknown
Fort Scott National Historic SiteKansasunknown
Nicodemus National Historic SiteKansasunknown
Cane River Creole National Historical ParkLouisianaunknown
New Orleans Jazz National Historical ParkLouisianaunknown
Poverty Point National MonumentLouisianaunknown
Appalachian National Scenic TrailMaine to Georgiaunknown
Saint Croix Island International Historic SiteMaineunknown
Clara Barton National Historic SiteMarylandunknown
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical ParkMarylandunknown
Potomac Heritage National Scenic TrailMaryland, Pennsylvaniaunknown
Adams National Historical ParkMassachusettsunknown
Boston African American National Historic SiteMassachusettsunknown
Boston National Historical ParkMassachusettsunknown
Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic SiteMassachusettsunknown
John F. Kennedy National Historic SiteMassachusettsunknown
Longfellow House-Washington’s Headquarters National Historic SiteMassachusettsunknown
Lowell National Historical ParkMassachusettsunknown
New Bedford Whaling National Historical ParkMassachusettsunknown
Salem Maritime National Historic SiteMassachusettsunknown
Saugus Iron Works National Historic SiteMassachusettsunknown
Springfield Armory National Historic SiteMassachusettsunknown
Keweenaw National Historical ParkMichiganunknown
Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield SiteMississippiunknown
Natchez Trace ParkwayMississippi, Alabama, Tennesseeunknown
Tupelo National BattlefieldMississippiunknown
Ulysses S. Grant National Historic SiteMissouriunknown
Missouri National Recreational RiverNebraska, South Dakotaunknown
Tule Springs Fossil Beds National MonumentNevadaunknown
Great Egg Harbor Scenic and Recreational RiverNew Jerseyunknown
Morristown National Historical ParkNew Jerseyunknown
Thomas Edison National Historical ParkNew Jerseyunknown
Fort Union National MonumentNew Mexicounknown
Manhattan Project National Historical ParkNew Mexico, Tennessee, Washingtonunknown
Salinas Pueblo Missions National MonumentNew Mexicounknown
African Burial Ground National MonumentNew Yorkunknown
Castle Clinton National MonumentNew Yorkunknown
Federal Hall National MemorialNew Yorkunknown
Fort Stanwix National MonumentNew Yorkunknown
General Grant National MemorialNew Yorkunknown
Hamilton Grange National MemorialNew Yorkunknown
Harriet Tubman National Historical ParkNew Yorkunknown
Martin Van Buren National Historic SiteNew Yorkunknown
Saint Paul’s Church National Historic SiteNew Yorkunknown
Stonewall National MonumentNew Yorkunknown
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic SiteNew Yorkunknown
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic SiteNew Yorkunknown
Women’s Rights National Historical ParkNew Yorkunknown
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National MonumentOhiounknown
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical ParkOhiounknown
First Ladies National Historic SiteOhiounknown
James A. Garfield National Historic SiteOhiounknown
Perry’s Victory and International Peace MemorialOhiounknown
William Howard Taft National Historic SiteOhiounknown
Washita Battlefield National Historic SiteOklahomaunknown
Edgar Allan Poe National Historic SitePennsylvaniaunknown
Fort Necessity National BattlefieldPennsylvaniaunknown
Middle Delaware National Scenic RiverPennsylvaniaunknown
Steamtown National Historic SitePennsylvaniaunknown
Thaddeus Kosciuszko National MemorialPennsylvaniaunknown
Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational RiverPennsylvaniaunknown
San Juan National Historic SitePuerto Ricounknown
Blackstone River Valley National Historical ParkRhode Island, Massachusettsunknown
Roger Williams National MemorialRhode Islandunknown
Charles Pinckney National Historic SiteSouth Carolinaunknown
Reconstruction Era National MonumentSouth Carolinaunknown
Minuteman Missile National Historic SiteSouth Dakotaunknown
Andrew Johnson National Historic SiteTennesseeunknown
Alibates Flint Quarries National MonumentTexasunknown
Chamizal National MemorialTexasunknown
Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical ParkTexasunknown
Rio Grande Wild and Scenic RiverTexasunknown
San Antonio Missions National Historical ParkTexasunknown
Waco Mammoth National MonumentTexasunknown
Rainbow Bridge National MonumentUtahunknown
Timpanogos Cave National MonumentUtahunknown
Christiansted National Historic SiteVirgin Islandsunknown
Virgin Islands Coral Reef National MonumentVirgin Islandsunknown
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee MemorialVirginiaunknown
Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical ParkVirginiaunknown
George Washington Memorial ParkwayVirginia, Maryland, Washington DCunknown
Maggie L. Walker National Historic SiteVirginiaunknown
San Juan Island National Historical ParkWashingtonunknown
Belmont-Paul Women’s Equality National MonumentWashington DCunknown
Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic SiteWashington DCunknown
Ford’s Theatre National Historic SiteWashington DCunknown
Franklin D. Roosevelt MemorialWashington DCunknown
Frederick Douglass National Historic SiteWashington DCunknown
Korean War Veterans MemorialWashington DCunknown
Lincoln MemorialWashington DCunknown
Martin Luther King, Jr. MemorialWashington DCunknown
Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic SiteWashington DCunknown
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic SiteWashington DCunknown
Thomas Jefferson MemorialWashington DCunknown
Vietnam Veterans MemorialWashington DCunknown
Washington MonumentWashington DCunknown
World War I MemorialWashington DCunknown
World War II MemorialWashington DCunknown
Bluestone National Scenic RiverWest Virginiaunknown
Gauley River National Recreation AreaWest Virginiaunknown
John D. Rockefeller Memorial ParkwayWyomingunknown
Yukon-Charley Rivers National PreserveAlaskaunknown
Lincoln Home National Historic SiteIllinoisunknown
Pullman National MonumentIllinoisunknown

About the author

  • Nicholas Lund Former Senior Manager, Landscape Conservation Program

    Nick is a conservationist and nature writer. He is the author of several forthcoming books, including the American Birding Association Field Guide to the Birds of Maine (2022) and “The Ultimate Biography of Earth” (2022). His writing on birds and nature has appeared in Audubon magazine,, The Washington Post, The Maine Sportsman, The Portland Phoenix and Down East magazine, among others.

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