Stones River National Battlefield

Stones River, Tennessee, was the site of one of the most decisive and deadly battles of the Civil War. Here, on New Year’s Eve 1862, the Union Army of the Cumberland gained strategic and permanent control of Middle Tennesse, just two weeks after suffering a crushing defeat by Confederate troops to the east at Fredericksburg.

After three days of intense fighting, Federal troops won the fertile fields they needed to sustain themselves, though those victories came at a significant cost. Casualties claimed nearly a third of the 81,000 troops on both sides. More than 3,000 men lost their lives at Stones River. Another 16,000 lay wounded for days, waiting for help to arrive.

Today, you can ponder Civil War military strategy as you stroll the rolling green hills and cedar glades of Stones River National Battlefield. Seven miles of trails wind through the park. See the earthen boundaries of Fortress Rosecrans, built to protect Union storehouses. Wander between the graves of the Stones River National Cemetery, final resting place of more than 7,100 Union soldiers, veterans, and family.



According to an assessment by the Center for State of the Parks, the Civil War parks of Tennessee face several common challenges. Primary among them are funding shortfalls that limit the Park Service's ability to preserve historic sites and tell the stories of our American heritage.

Also of critical concern at all four parks covered in the report is adjacent development that mars historical and scenic views that are essential to bring the story to life and providing visitors with a memorable experience. Read more about the threats faced by these parks in NPCA's report Tennessee's Civil War National Parks.








September 5, 2014

My 3rd Great Grandfather was a Union Soldier and was wounded in the Battle of Stones River then was a POW for one day. I am looking forward to visiting the park to see where he served our Country.


July 9, 2014

Thanks for your comment, ksmothe. We see how this may have been confusing. General Rosencrans was not present at the battle of Stones River, though he planned the Union attacks. We revised the text to be clearer. For more detail on the battle, please see the Park Service site at


July 6, 2014

Great park. However, the above description is incorrect. Neither Rosecrans or his army fought at Frericksburg and Bragg retreated to Tullahoma and stayed in Middle Tennessee for another six months until forced out after a subsequent campaign.


July 4, 2014

I am looking forward to visiting this National Historical Park my great great uncle fell at Stones River during the battle of the Civil War he died December 31st 1862 he was 22 years old his name was David Lancaster


February 6, 2012

Great Park! I live in Georgia and I visited my cousin in Tennessee this past weekend and she took us there. Hope I can come back soon!

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