Monocacy National Battlefield

"From every point of view it was heroism."

—Union General Lew Wallace

The battle that occurred on July 9, 1864, near Frederick, Maryland, on what is now Monocacy National Battlefield, became known to history as "The Battle That Saved Washington." On that day, Confederate forces, led by Lt. General Jubal Early, attempted their third and final invasion of northern territory, after they had been repelled by Union forces in the battles of Antietam in Maryland in 1862, and Gettysburg in Pennsylvania in 1863.

In a bold plan to divert Union troops away from their siege of Petersburg, Virginia, General Robert E. Lee sent 15,000 troops under Early to threaten or capture Washington, D.C. Heading East through Harper's Ferry, WV and Sharpsburg, MD, Confederate troops were confronted by Union forces under Major General Lew Wallace (who would write the classic Ben-Hur after the war) at the important railroad junction at the Monocacy River.

Due to warnings of Confederate troop movements from railroad employees, Gen. Wallace was able to position his forces to defend the railroad bridges, but he was outnumbered nearly three to one. After a daylong battle with 1,300 men dead, wounded, or missing, Wallace was forced to withdraw his troops toward Baltimore. The Confederates suffered 900 casualties, but more importantly for the defense of Washington, they lost a day in their march toward the Capitol.

By the time Early's troops arrived in the District of Columbia to begin their assault on Fort Stevens, Union troops had been reinforced by two more divisions. While the battle of Monocacy was technically a Union defeat, General Wallace and his troops, by making a gallant stand and delaying an overwhelming force, had saved Washington, D.C. from Confederate capture.

If You Go

Be sure to visit the park's brand new visitor center and view the upstairs exhibit on the battle. You'll get a great perspective of how the battle affected both soldiers and civilians.

Also stop by the Worthington House, where 6-year-old Glenn Worthington and his family took shelter in their cellar during the fighting. Glenn witnessed the battle through boarded up windows and later was instrumental in getting Monocacy established as a "National Military Park."

—Tracey McIntire









January 3, 2014

Besides all the good environmental concern comments, how can Frederick County justify this in economic terms? Natural gas is driving the cost of electricity down--the economics on this just don't make sense anymore. Wake up slow thinking politicians.


May 10, 2013

As a volunteer with the DNR conducting water quality studies on the Chesapeake Bay, I want to plead with the powers that be in Frederick County to terminate this project. The Chesapeake Bay is struggling under current conditions to maintain a sustainable population of marine life. The past two years have produced nearly zero indications of yellow perch larvae, one of the earliest indications of the Bay's health, as these fish prefer to spawn in colder waters of early spring. Increased runoff from impervious surfaces, increased water pollution, and increased acid rain all cause increased water temperatures resulting in algae blooms and unfavorable conditions for traditional marine life survival. Please do not add to an already urgent problem. Archaic projects, such as this one, will ultimately be the final nail in the Chesapeake Bay coffin.

mean green mama

May 8, 2013

In addition to points made in previous posts, as a Marylander living east of the area in question I'd like to say that we don't appreciate your retro attempt at "waste to energy." Such claims of pro-environmentalism have been discredited. Join us in the 21st century, please, and do no harm.


May 8, 2013

Money, Money, Money, PLEASE take a new and better look at what the earth, air and water can take before it can no longer sustain us. There already is ample truth to show that we are nearing end of what can be a far quality of life. We must reexamine our present course NOW or there will be acomplete failure in the search for clean drinkable wateras well as stream and river water quality. Already fish and other food stuffs are being poisoned and are in some species not fit to eat , others are depleted or extinct. Quit adding to theproblems and quit having more than two offspring.


April 25, 2013

The Frederick BOCC is always reassuring us (as if we were little children) that everything possible has been evaluated before permitting things like this incinerator to be approved. And then when the citizens of Frederick County question their judgement, we are dismissed as whiners.


April 25, 2013

IN REALITY, THERE IS NO GOOD PLACE in Frederick, for this air and visually polluting entity, that is NOT NEEDED in this day & Age……. PLEASE do our children and grandchildren the favor of NOT permitting this abomination (that will further pollute our air, land and lives), NOT NEEDED. NOT NECESSARY…….. just a money maker for the greedy and a tax increaser for those of us who must breathe in Frederick.


April 25, 2013

Say no to dirty air!

Ohio Smith

April 24, 2013

Stop plowing over our historical sites.


April 24, 2013

This place is a beautiful significant historical landmark. It is not fair that it's meaning can be diminished by something so foul and appalling. This landmark deserves respect and care not pollution and garbage.


April 24, 2013

Protect the air we breathe from he incinerators with their trash and pollution.


April 24, 2013

do not dirty the air

David R.

April 24, 2013

Stop adding dirty, polluted and toxic air near our National Parks or anywhere in our country and on planet Earth. Enough already.


April 15, 2013

Would the county commisioners want the incinerator in their backyard? Don't put it in the park's backyard! Better yet don't build it at all


April 13, 2013



April 7, 2013

Say NO to dirty air. Put the kibosh on your dirty incinerator.

Tamara Hayes

April 4, 2013

Stop destroying our environment and our beautiful places with dirty trash incinerators, coal and fracking.


April 4, 2013



April 4, 2013

Do not dirty the air with this ugly smokestack that destroys the preservation where so many gave the last full measure !!!


March 16, 2013

I used to live in Frederick and had visited the Battlefield as a youngster. My parents gave me the book written by Glenn worthington "Fighting For Time"in which he wrote about the battle as he witnessed it as achild from his home,basement window, and detailed story about the battle and had great respect for him,the Battlefield and all for which it stood.I have recently visited the Visitor Center and the Battlefield and it is a Treasure NOT to be disgraced by an incinator which will be ugly, cause evential health problems, not to mention terrible traffic difficulties.


March 12, 2013


laura lee p

March 12, 2013

as a civil war re-enactor, i am appalled that my home state would even think about putting this next to a national park of any kind, let alone a battlefield! we need to honor those that fought there, not destroy their peace.


March 12, 2013

Do not dirty the air or scenery with an abominable smoke stack! Enough already!


March 12, 2013

This is totally uncertain unacceptable! They cannot be granted the permits for this trash burning facility! I vote to start a petition to block them from receiving the permit, which site should I use, care2, signon, who should I write to, and who will stand with me on this? We cannot allow this to happen! Please help!


March 11, 2013

Do not dirty our air


March 11, 2013

I live here. This park was neglected as a historic site for over 100 years. It is time to give the respect to the scene it deserves.


March 11, 2013

Just about the time one thinks Frederick has made sense and is no longer in the grasp of industrial interests, they want an incinerator at Monocacy. Put it next to Ft Detrick, where the ground is already ruined.

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