Lava Beds National Monument

To geologists, Lava Beds National Monument is a fascinating study in the movement of molten rock. To the Modoc Indians, this place holds long memories of courage, strength, and, ultimately, loss.

The stories of Lava Beds National Monument begin just below the surface. Here, lava flowing from Medicine Lake volcano for 500,000 years has gouged out 700 caves and countless lava tubes.

For five months during 1872-1873, the Modoc Indians under “Captain Jack” found shelter in this subterranean labyrinth, as they resisted attempts to force them onto the Klamath Reservation. Hiding in caves and moving via the lava tubes they knew so well, these intrepid warriors were able to fend off a contingent of U.S. soldiers ten times as large as their own group.

You can explore “Captain Jack’s Stronghold” by following one of 12 hiking trails that cross the high desert at Lava Beds National Monument. As you descend a ladder into the caves, the temperature drops, the moist air fills your lungs, and a new world unfolds before you.

Just outside the cave, Modoc Indians have painted and carved intricate designs into the rock. Inside, the walls glitter with reflective bacteria. Bats catch up on their sleep somewhere over your head. Brilliant green ferns carpet Fern Cave in summer. In winter, ice sculptures form in Crystal Ice Cave.

A visit to Lava Beds National Monument is an experience you won’t soon forget.

If You Go: 

To protect the delicate caves, you must book a guided tour in advance to see Fern Cave and Crystal Ice Cave. Special precautions are also in force to prevent the spread of white-nose syndrome in bats—a poorly understood condition that can lead to high mortality.









October 28, 2014

Great place. History is fascinating Unfortunately they maintain a check point at the park exit to check if you have paid your use fee. No receipt, citation. "Papers we want to see your papers"


April 28, 2014

our class had a field trip here, it was amazing. I was skeptical at first but had a blast! Super fun and worth it!


December 31, 2012

I've been visiting the Lava Beds N.M. since 1959 when my Dad first took the family. We are from Klamath Falls and my Dad was once stationed at the old Marine barracks up Old Fort Road back in the late 40's. Since that first trip I've been hooked on the area and must have been back 30 or so times. I love to take friends there for the first time as their always excited. History is good, wildlife is excellent, geology is wonderful, exploration is exceptional!


September 11, 2012

My dad took me here once when I was about 11 and I loved it. Unfortunately, I havent been back since, but him and I are planning on going back next year. I really want to see the Ice Caves in the winter. I highly recommend going to see the Lava Beds at least once in your life. More if possible.

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