Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park

The story of Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park is the story of conservation in America.

Passed down from hand to hand, this land has been cherished and protected, an example put forth for all to follow.

George Perkins Marsh, a 19th-century advocate of environmentalism, grew up here in the shadow of Mount Tom. He watched as farmers clear-cut the forest, causing erosion that silted up the waterways. After spending time in Europe, he returned to Vermont and wrote Man and Nature, a seminal book about the risks of deforestation.

The book struck a chord with Frederick Billings, head of the Northern Pacific Railroad. Billings purchased the Marsh farm in 1869, renovated the mansion, built the carriage paths, and began a campaign to promote sustainable farming in Vermont and to reforest Mount Tom.

Billings’ granddaughter Mary married Laurance Spelman Rockefeller, another lifelong advocate of conservation. The Rockefellers donated the land to create the Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park in 1992.

As you tour the mansion and gardens, explore the museum to stewardship, wander the carriage paths, and enjoy the lush scenery, reflect on the efforts made by these three generations of conservationists. Imagine how this landscape would look without the commitment of Marsh, Billings, and the Rockefellers.

If You Go: 

An easy three-quarter-mile path loops around the Pogue, a pond created by a dam and said to be bottomless.









August 19, 2014

I am related to Frederic Billings...son of Nathen and come from Kansas(family from Maple Hill area near Rossville). We have the geneolical report all the way back to Sir Thomas Billing from England. Billings are the people or relatives of Billing. Nathan was a Sgt. during the revolutionary war in Vermont and had many children. His father was an officer during the French Indian War. Signed...Don Billings


May 22, 2012

Marsh Billings Rockefeller offer a unique ranger lead tour through the streets of Woodstock called: Causes and Consequences: The Civil War Home Front in Woodstock, Vermont. It is the only national park unit to tell the story of the Civil War from the point of view of the home front.

Post a Comment

Share your park story today. Post your park experiences, recommendations, or tips here.*

Enter this word:

* Your comments will appear once approved by the moderator. NPCA staff do not regularly respond to postings. We reserve the right to remove comments that include profanity or personal attacks, promote products or services, or are otherwise off-topic. Opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the position(s) of NPCA. By submitting comments you are giving NPCA permission to reuse your words on our website and print materials.


Want to learn more about the  ?

The   can be seen in the wild in America’s national parks. Why not join the National Parks Conservation Association community to protect and preserve our national parks?

Sign up to protect parks in   & other states

Why not join the National Parks Conservation Association Community to protect and preserve our national parks?

Sign up to protect   and other National Parks

Why not join the National Parks Conservation Association Community to protect and preserve our national parks?

Please leave this field empty
Yes, please sign me up for NPCA’s newsletter and other emails about protecting our national parks!

National Parks Conservation Association
National Parks Conservation Association

Log In

Or log in with your connected Facebook or Twitter account:


Welcome to our growing community of park advocates. Thanks for signing up!

Sign Up:

Or sign up by connecting your Facebook or Twitter account: